The cornerstone of the fashion of the ethnic, the Stone Wash is much more than a finish. Argument of style, originality and modernity, it opens, however, to the nostalgia of the look vintage, especially for its gradient of colors, recalling the rush of the 90's. Today, India is asserting itself as the main ambassador of the Stone Wash in which manufacturers remain faithful to the ancient technique, which ensures a quality reputation in the world.
The Stone Wash : its history and its process
Go back a few years back to understand the basis of this art and its primary process.
The Stone Wash : what is that ?
In terms very simple, the Stone Wash is a method of treatment of textile for ergonomics and design. In effect, this technique seeks, upstream, to soften the fabric so that it becomes particularly soft and comfortable ; and to create an effect that is aged and worn , which recalls the mode of yesteryear, downstream.
Originally, the Stone Wash, as suggested by its name, consists of washing the fabric with pumice-stone, a item of volcanic origin which is characterized by its lightness and its high porosity. Thus, according to the effect of flexibility and wear you want, the craftsmen modulate the quantity and temperature of thewater and the stone used during the procedure.
The Stone Wash : its history
Although no specific source is not possible to identify the true origin of the Stone Wash, the facts demonstrate that this technique has seen may be the day in India there is already a very long time. With the tendency of clothing ethnic inspiration faded, it was towards the end of the 90s and the early 2000s, the increase of the demand is such that several manufacturers of New Delhi and neighboring regions are engaged in this sector to become flourishing. It is as well as the finishing Stone Wash accompanied virtually all parts of the dressing, blouses to dresses, pants to harem pants, jackets liquettes, etc
Nearly two decades later, only the best industrialists of India have been able to survive to the point that they are today per unit. One of them which we would not mention the name, for the sake of neutrality, has some 500 employees and is governed by the code of ethics imposed by its partners, most of which are western.
The variations of the technique of Stone Wash
In addition to the traditional technique consisting to soften and fade the fabric by washing and brushing with the stone, several other variants have seen the light of day with the time ; although this process traditional is still practiced.
The use of Bleach
This technique is to accelerate the process to quickly achieve the desired effect. To do this, after you have rubbed the fabric with stones to soften it, the industrial use of bleaching agents, like chlorine or potassium permanganate, to obtain in no time the aged and faded. It is these chemical elements that we will appoint bleach.
This time, instead of working the fabric with pumice stones, you will rub the canvas with the sandpaper abrasive. This technique is done manually and this product its made of soft and worn in the manner vintage. This process is also known as the brushing technique.
This method is now prohibited in Turkey remains essential in many countries of the world. Basically this is to replace the stones with sand that is projected onto the fabric to soften and age it.
More futuristic, the WattWash will probably be the Stone Wash of the future. Resulting from the research of Marithé and François Girbaud, it is a process that proposes to replace the pumice stones by lasers and reduced to approximately 88 % of the volume of water required. Remains to be seen whether the future will be open to the technology, or will give his chance to the traditional techniques which have proven their efficiency.
The technique known as drum
It is the use of a large washing machine filled with pumice stones or polystyrene, depending on the case. The fabric is already assembled therefore now turn in these huge machines slowly until you get the desired effect. We can also introduce, mixed with water, ingredients to becoming a chlorinating origins natural.
The Stone Wash in the world of clothing
How the Stone Wash is consolidated on the clothes that you like to wear ? When these craft take form on pieces that we carry, we obtained a design unique, with a small accent vintage, embellished by the indian.
If many clothes are now a finishing Stone Wash, the whims of manufacturers and marketers are turning particularly to dresses and blouses embroidered, timeless fashion which will revisit each season. This is hardly surprising since the look worn and washed out of the Stone Wash has this gift of sublime details such as the embroidery, the seams, the buttons, etc
A few practical points on the Stone Wash
• Material : Stone Wash is predestined especially for the fabrics with cotton and viscose or rayon.
• Benefit : in Addition to the design and flexibility of the fabric, the finishing Stone Wash prevents accidents from fading during the wash given that there is virtually no risk of disgorgement of colors if the technique is used in the rules of art.